Established in the year of 1950 as a sanctuary and later in 1978 as a tiger reserve Periyar Wildlife sanctuary is situated in the high mountains of the Western Ghats in Kerala along the border with Tamil Nadu. Spreading across the area of 925 sq km the park lies in the districts of Idukki and Pathanamthitta. Out of 925 sq km the 350 sq km part of the core zone was made into Periyar National Park and Tiger reserve. As the park is located in Idukki district it is also famous by the name of Thekkady National park. The animal reserve is famous for elephants. People often see the herds of elephant playing in the water lakes of the animal reserve. There artea about 900-1000 elephants found in the park. Apart from them the park is also a home to estimated 53 tigers 320 species of birds, 45 varieties of reptiles, 27 kinds of amphibians, 160 types of insects and 38 varieties of fishes. The major center of attraction of Periyar National park is 5,500 hectares Periyar Lake. The forests are tropical a mixture of deciduous semi, evergreen and evergreen Sholas characterized by tall trees and closed canopy.
Best time to visit Periyar Wildlife sanctuary
The Periyar animal reserve is the best preserved wildlife sanctuaries of India. The best time to explore its diversity is between December to April.
Major attractions of Periyar Wildlife sanctuary
At Periyar wildlife sanctuary visitors can enjoy various fun filled activities like elephant safari to explore the area, cruises on the lake, nature walks, trekking towards the Mangala Devi temple situated in the heart of Thekkady forest etc. The wildlife tour to Periyar offers its visitors an opportunity to watch and photograph the wild animals in close corners.
How to reach Periyar Wildlife sanctuary
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Thekkady is about 4 km from Kumili in Idukki district which is well connected by road from all the major towns of Kerala.
By Air:-The nearest airports to Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary are Cochin International Airport which is 190 km from it, Thirivananthapuram International Airport which is 267 km and Madurai Airport which is 140 km from it.
By Rail:-Periyar Wildlife preserve can be reached by rail as well. The nearest rail; heads to the animal reserve are Kottayam which is 114 km, Changanassery 120 km , Ernakulam 190 km and Madurai which is 135 km from it.
By Road:-There are direct bus links from Thiruvananthapuram, Cochin, Kottayam, Munnar and Madurai that connect to the Periyar wildlife Sanctuary.
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Kerala Wildlife sanctuaries
|Peppara Wildlife sanctuary||Neyyar Wildlife sanctuary|
|Shenduruni Wildlife sanctuary||Periyar Wildlife sanctuary|
|Idduki Wildlife sanctuary||Chinnar Wildlife sanctuary|
|Parambikulam Wildlife sanctuary||Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Waynad Wildlife sanctuary||Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary|
|Thattekad Bird Sanctuary||Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary|
|Silent Valley National Park||Eravikulam National Park|